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Vehicle Emissions and Impacts of Taxes and Incentives in the Evolution of Past Emissions
EIONET Report — ETC/ACM 2018/1

Released: 2018/04/11: See the report

EIONET Report - ETC/ACM 2018/1 cover

Report to EEA

Abstract
Reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the road transport sector is a key priority for the European Union (EU). A key mechanism for reducing GHG emissions from cars in the EU is Regulation (EC) No 443/2009, which specifies targets to be met by vehicle manufacturers for average per km CO2 emissions from new cars. Complementing this regulation is action at the national level, which has impacts on consumers, retailers and fleet managers. This helps create the demand for 'lower carbon vehicles'. The action typically involves financial mechanisms such as taxes and subsidies, but may also include other actions such as provision of exclusive parking spaces or charging infrastructure.
The analysis presented in this report was framed around two key objectives. The first was to create an inventory of the different vehicle taxation and incentive schemes in place across Europe. The second objective was to better understand the impacts that different tax and incentive approaches have had on uptake of 'lower carbon vehicles', and thus the CO2 emissions of the European new passenger car fleet. The study found that incentives have become broader and more comprehensive over time, with most countries considered offering a range of different incentives to consumers in 2016. Consumers more readily purchased lower emitting cars where sufficiently large and targeted taxes and incentives were in place.

Prepared by: ETC/ACM members Richard German1, Hans Nijland2, Alison Pridmore1, Christofer Ahlgren1, Tim Williamson1
1Aether, United Kingdom; 2PBL, The Netherlands

Published by: ETC/ACM, April 2018, 73 pp.